Twitter Diplomacy Using Social Media To Spur A Crisis With Mexico

Six days after assuming the oath Six days after taking office, President Donald Trump is facing the first international crisis that his administration has faced. It’s happening on Twitter. In keeping with his campaign pledges to end the illegal immigration of immigrants Trump issued executive order to begin construction of a wall along the border with Mexico and halt federal grants to sanctuary cities jurisdictions that provide safe harbor for illegal immigrants.

Trump justified the measures as essential to strengthening security at home. A nation without borders is not a nation, Trump declared. Beginning today, the United States of America gets back control of its borders. After signing the order, Trump insisted in an interview with the ABC news channel that Mexico would pay for construction expenses at a later date.

Trump’s plan to oblige Mexico to contribute money for its wall thrown the two neighbors into a heated and uncharacteristic diplomatic conflict. Mexico has been a significant all-weather partner of the US and Pena Nieto’s government has been trying to keep the two countries from forming a conflict. Trump however, on the contrary however, has created a situation through his frequent social media activities. Welcoming to the age of Twitter diplomacy.

American Non-Diplomacy Crisis

In the past, diplomacy has not been the most powerful of American strengths. A former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros Ghali previously stated that he was astonished to discover that US foreign officials generally see little need for diplomacy. To Americans, Boutros-Ghali claimed, diplomacy is seen by them as a waste of time and prestige and a sign of weakness.

However, thanks to Mexico the president Trump has extended this tradition of American non-diplomacy into uncharted territory. Pena Nieto chose moderation and diplomatic tact to deal with Trump’s aggressiveness. The tactic of conciliation was, indeed, considered an indication of weakness from both sides of the border.

However, the Mexican government’s position is highly extremely delicate. There’s a choice: Pena Nieto endures Trump’s relentless humiliation, or he risks jeopardizing the country’s relationship with the US which purchases 80percent from Mexican exports.

In the end, Pena Nieto did everything possible to please Trump in the hope that he’d be able to moderate his views. Pena Nieto even named Luis Videgaray the unpopular politician who organized then-candidate Donald Trump’s unpopular visit to Mexico as Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Trump replied to the conciliatory gesture which caused a lot of controversy in Mexico in a tweet that said his southern neighbors would be paying for the wall along Mexico’s frontier a little later in order to construct the wall more quickly.

Ramifications The Conflict Crisis

Pena Nieto then tried to warn Trump about the ramifications the conflict with Mexico could bring to The US agenda. By citing the notorious drug dealer Joaquin Guzman Loera, aka El Chapo, as a subtle protest against Trump’s stance in relation to Mexico and the US, Trump exiled El Chapo into the US on the 19th of January just a few hours prior to when Barack Obama’s term was due to expire.

US officials as well as the Mexican public took the time that the expulsion was scheduled. That had been granted for months, to be the result of a Mexican home warming gift for President Trump. Trump White House.

However, a different theory seems more plausible. Mexico was quick to hand over El Chapo to Obama to stop Trump from claiming credit for his extradition. According to Mexican reporter Esteban Illades said in his article, had Mexico had held off the extradition for one more time. Trump might have boasted of his part in arranging the extradition throughout the months of Twitter.

However, Trump did not take note of Pena Nieto’s warning. Two days after his election Trump announced that he would start the process of renegotiating NAFTA. With the presidents from Canada and Mexico and set for a meeting to meet with Pena Nieto on January 31.

Pena Nieto Pena Nieto Videgaray as well as Ildefonso Guajardo the Mexican Minister of Economy in Washington for the purpose of preparing the meeting with Trump. He advised them to avoid either confrontation or submission in talks in negotiations with Trump’s American administration.

Emissaries Had To Arrive In Washington

However, that plan was shattered when, at night before the emissaries had to arrive in Washington. Trump tweeted that Wednesday was going to be the big day for national. Security due to the fact that he was excited about building the wall. Videgaray as well as Guajardo were actually inside at the White House. When Trump left the White House in order to sign an executive directive.

The incident caused outrage across Mexico. Politicians, intellectuals and even citizens of both the left and right, demanded Pena Nieto cancel his visit to Washington.

Mexico’s president responded to this new provocation with a brief video speech. Where he stated that Mexican consulates are now serving as legal aid centers. For those who are not Mexican immigrants living who are in US. He was hesitant to cancel meetings with Trump and said that he’d make. The decision based upon the report of Guajardo and Videgaray.

Another social media blitz from Trump has shattered that wait-and-see plan as well. Even for moderate Pena Nieto the meeting was way too for him. He canceled the meeting with Trump without even holding a press meeting. Instead, he posted on Twitter: This morning we have informed the White House. That I will not attend the working meeting with @POTUS scheduled next Tuesday.

Foreign Minister Videgaray stated, You don’t ask your neighbour to pay for your home’s wall. A telephone conversation among Trump as well as Pena Nieto on Friday morning might allow for a quick cooling-off period. But there is doubt, Mexico as well as the US have entered the era of conflict. The consequences, both in North America and beyond, remain unclear.

The African Digital Economy Is Weaving Its Pacific Web

Africa’s mobile market, which is second only to Asia, second only to that in the Asia-Pacific area. Holds enormous potential to grow. Statistics released by the world-wide GSM Association in Tanzania are astonishing. Each year, the association collects data from 800 network providers. The combination of these numbers with the research conducted throughout the Sahel region. It provides a clear view of mobile usage throughout the world.

As per the GSMA report, at the year’s end, more than 50% of 1.17 billion. African populace (557 million) had a cellphone plan. These now account for 12 percent of all customers in the world and account for 6 percent of all revenue. Worldwide an increase of 70% as compared to figures reported by the same organization just five years prior.

Two major user traits are revealed by research conducted on the ground. For one, consumers prefer pre-paid subscriptions. Additionally, every subscriber owns 1.92 SIM cards on average.

Identification And Traceability Pacific

In addition to the challenges it creates in terms of the identification and traceability of SIM cards. And the complications that result to operators indicates there is a huge market available in SIM cards is huge. There were nearly 1 million units (965 million) at the close of 2015 and around 1.3 billion by 2020.

This astronomical increase in demand will lead to 730 million individual subscribers in 2020. It is not surprising that the numbers vary from country nation. For example, 2014 data indicates that five of the most populous nations (Nigeria, Egypt, South Africa, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo) make up around 44 percent of the total and the 30 nations in the bottom just make up a mere 10%..

In the same way, the actual market penetration of SIM cards for people 15 or over is 67 percent (taking into consideration those who have multiple cards) Some nations (Mali, Gambia, Gabon and Botswana) have a penetration rate of over 100 percent.

Landlines had a low success (because the customer experience was left to be left to be desired) in this period of 20th century. This is believed to have increased the interest in mobile phones. The use of mobile phones nowadays is in stark contrast to those who used telephones in earlier.

On A Continent With 2G, 4G Is Expanding Fast

The African market is still dependent on 2G services however, high-speed mobile connections (4G/LTE) are growing in popularity. As of 2015, the 46/LTE made up 25 percent of the market. the figure will grow to 60 percent by 2020. The majority of 4G networks that are currently available were created less than 2 years ago. 4G is just becoming available in 24 countries.

Smartphone sales currently account for 23 percent of the mobile phone market. The number of sales is expected to rise as infrastructure gets improved and network coverage is increased and so do those of counterfeit and low-cost phones made in Asia which are inundating markets across continent because of ever-lower costs. These phones that are cheap comprise 50percent in the overall market.

The potential growth in the amount of revenue per subscriber is very high, especially when compared to numbers from Europe and North America, but it depends on a wider variety of options, better coverage of networks and better quality of service. The estimated revenues per African user amounts to EUR8 monthly (ranging between EUR2 in Ethiopia up to EUR28 within Gabon) as opposed to EUR27 each month for Europe as well as EUR53 each month for North America.

Demonstrated The Immense Potential Pacific

A report from 2013 had demonstrated the immense potential of mobile phones, their ecosystems and the contribution they make directly and indirectly to the growth of Sub-Saharan Africa.

For instance, in 2012 the economic activity associated with cellphones and their life-cycles is estimated to have created around 3.3 million job opportunities and 6.3 percent of GDP in the area with market penetration of less than 40 percent. This shows a huge growth potential, thanks to the advent in 4G-LTE technology (although costs are still prohibitive for the majority of users).

This vibrant activity has distinct characteristics, primarily cause by Africa’s massive informal economy (which is, on a related note, is often abuse by the developed nations). Take a look at how simple to fix smartphones by way of some inventive work done in souks and markets like the one in Derb Ghallef in Morocco.

It’s not the same as phones being recyclable however. Phones are mostly remove from landfills pacific and illegal markets, such as Agbogbloshie located in Ghana. In a moment when Africa hosts the COP22 conference, we need to draw attention to the devastating environmental and social impact.

Pacific Market Gaps

African consumers, just like the rest of us around the globe are demanding and educated. They require transparent, reliable, and smooth operating mobile applications, particularly to make up for Africa’s actual or perceived shortcomings. They’ve adapted the technology in new ways (beeping flashing, beeping the transfer of credit).

In addition to network reliability consumers’ demands revolve on messaging, audio quality information, speed of communication. However, there are other benefits such as the use of e-payments, einsurance and e-learning. The users can therefore avoid the administrative and banking paperwork that is accountable for the lack of use of the formal banking system.

from the electronic wallet, to secure commercial transactions and group savings and group savings systems, the rise that mobile banking has experienced in Africa similar to that of all other emerging regions, is remarkable. Think about, for instance the remarkable growth of the bill and shopping settlement services offered through M-PESA in Kenya or the widespread adoption of mobile insurance services such as mobile learning, mobile learning, as well as distance learning.

Consumer Enthusiasm

However, consumer enthusiasm for mobile phones can be clearly stifle. A variety pacific of factors contribute to this despite the widespread opinion. That the technology is a key factor in the advancement. Take for instance the lack of coverage in areas where large rural areas remain unservice or the poor prices offered. Considering the poor purchasing power of the continent. The inability of operators to provide reliable service because of technical, financial or structural issues is the reason. There’s the average of 2 SIM devices per household across the continent. And the growing popularity of mobile phones that have two SIM capacity.

It is also possible to mention the lack of literacy in Africa. Or the reticence of consumers due to the apparent. Difficulty of understanding and using information technology (despite the youthfulness and the creativity of the majority of the users).

The number of apps available is largely incompatible with the needs whether it’s health, education. Agriculture or food services of a huge and depressed portion that makes up the majority of people. A few are available in local and national languages.

Mexican Response To US Election Season

In the 2012 US presidential election, Mexico or rather the concept of Mexico was not a major issue. Romney and Obama might have discussed it in discussions regarding immigration reform, bordering between the countries or the drug policy, but it was casually, in a non-sensical manner.

Mexico itself, as a nation was not the subject of discussion. At the time, a few of my fellow citizens complained about the lack of relevance to Mexico in the political agendas and debates in the public forums of their neighbor to the north I was sad to learn that Mexico and, in fact, the entire region in Latin America had simply been omitted from on the US radar. In retrospect, in 2016 it seems like maybe being irrelevant wasn’t as bad after all.

Anti-Mexican Sentiment Election

In the last year, Donald Trump has made Mexican-American sentiment the primary focus during his presidency. Trump has described Mexican immigrants as rapists and criminals, and suggested that he construct a wall along the border that would block illegals from entering the US. The president has threatened to repeal this North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to stop Mexico and Mexicans from killing us on jobs and trade.

Trump’s claims aren’t only insulting they’re also scientifically false. In the context of criminality and immigration For instance it’s been proven that people who are immigrants have a lower chance to be involved in crimes than people that were raised in the US. Indeed, the process of immigration could actually help in decreasing crime rates and can positively impact economic growth.

Furthermore, the supposed never-ending stream of illegals across the border is actually decreasing over the past few years. Actually, the migration equilibrium among Mexico with that of the United States is now negative as more people are returning to Mexico instead of emigrating to US.

What about free trade? It’s not easy but in fact there isn’t a single benefit that has been attribute to Mexico. Also, not all US jobs lost in the last decade due to NAFTA however, it is more due to competition from China and other forces.

Vision Impairment Election

What Mexico is depict in and through people in and around the United States is, to me, a fascinating topic. Mexico and United States are profoundly integrate The strength and depth of the bonds that connect both countries is undisputed. But the reality of this relationship is against the ways in which many Mexicans and Americans continue to view one another, more so through their supposed civilisational differences than through their shared history.

North America might be many things a geographical representation, an economic block or a laboratory for culture. But it’s not the way that Walter Lippman described it as a picture inside our heads. The data on the reality of North America as real place however Mexico and America have no perspective to give it significance. And a narrative to convey it to the people living in both countries. Also, North America is a massive phenomenon that doesn’t have a story to explain it.

To the opposite side of the Atlantic there’s been as a component of their integration process the idea of Europe. However, on the other opposite side of Atlantic There hasn’t been any such initiative. We’ve lacked the knowledge and cultural resources to understand. What it means to consider us as part of an area bigger than its individual parts.

This absence from the North American narrative has paved the way for an individual such as Donald Trump to mobilise anti-Mexican. Attitudes among a segment of the American people who are frighten by the diversity of their country. And for whom Mexico and Mexicans have been portray as the cause of their cultural and economic angsts.

Vacuum Of Leadership In Politics Election

Beyond xenophobia, however, how Trump’s actions remain unchallenged for the most part indicates a shaky. Lack of leadership in the political arena on a subject of crucial significance to both countries. It appears that there is no one to champion the North American project has no person to advocate for it any more.

According to Roberto Suro observed recently at a binational conference in the Colegio de la Frontera Norte in Tijuana In the past. There hasn’t been a strong and clear reaction to publicly in support of NAFTA and its benefits not even in the Republican party. for sure and neither has Democrats as well as the Mexican government and civil society organizations on both sides of the border or the Mexican-American community, which has responded to the attack.

Trump’s falsehoods have generally met by silence. This is despite the fact that the majority of Americans do not seem to be in agreement. With his rants about free trade, or with his anti-Mexican stance. Although the public’s opinion of Mexico as the United States’ neighbor to the south experienced an overall. Decline in 2005 and 2013, over the last three years, Mexican image is rising.

November Donald

In this way, whatever happens in November Donald Trump has already won. The campaign of Donald Trump has effectively silenced the voices that might have spoken about the advantages of NAFTA.

In previous election cycles the immigration reform debate was something that was subject to proposals and debate. However, since Trump the issue has become an issue that is so tense that it’s not on the agenda. It’s likely that the standing that Mexico has earned Mexico within American popular. Opinion is likely to fall down the road, and so will NAFTA.

In the final analysis, Trump has brought anti-Mexican attitudes into mainstream. Politics and demonstrated how lucrative for electoral purposes it is

Don’t make up false hope that this trend is going to disappear following November. Even the event that Hillary Clinton is the next president of the United States. Trumpism regardless of Trump will remain an element to be reckon with for a long time to come.